Slovakia (i/sloʊˈvækiə, slə-, -ˈvɑː-/;Slovak: Slovensko [ˈsloʋensko] officially the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika is a landlocked country in Central Europe It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. Slovakias territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5 million and comprises mostlyethnic Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava. The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family.












Slovakia is a landlocked Central European country with mountainous regions in the north and flat terrain in the south.
Slovakia lies between 49°36 48" and 47°44 21" northern latitude and 16°50 56" and 22°33 53" eastern longitude.
The northernmost point is near Beskydok, a mountain on the border with Poland near the village of Oravská Polhora in the Beskides. The southernmost point is near the village of Patince on the Danube on the border with Hungary. The westernmost point is on the Morava River near Záhorská Ves on the Austrian border. The easternmost point is close to the summit of Kremenec, a mountain near the village of Nová Sedlica at the meeting point of Slovak, Polish, and Ukrainian borders
The highest point is at the summit of Gerlachovský štít in the High Tatras, 2,655 m (8,710.6 ft), the lowest point is the surface of the Bodrog River on the Hungarian border at 94 m (308.4 ft).
The countrys area is 48,845 km2 (18,859 sq mi). 31% is arable land, 17% pastures, 41% forests, 3% cultivated land. The remaining 8% is mostly covered with human structures and infrastructure, and partly with rocky mountain ridges and other unimproved land.[1]
Slovakia borders Poland in the north - 547 km (339.9 mi), Ukraine in the east - 98 km (60.9 mi), Hungary in the south - 679 km (421.9 mi), Austria in the south-west - 106 km(65.9 mi), and the Czech Republic in the north-west - 252 km (156.6 mi) for a total border length of 1,672 km (1,038.9 mi)
The western regions are more developed than the eastern ones. As of 2004, the highest GDP per capita was 573,976 SK in the Bratislava Region, which was more than double of the national average (251,814 SK). That statistical area comprises only the city of Bratislava, which distorts Slovak regional and regional-international comparisons. The GDP per capita was 152,786 SK in the Prešov Region in the north-east, 60% of the national average.
Around 5,391,000 people lived in Slovakia at the end of 2006. According to the 2001 census, 85.8% of the people were of Slovaks, 9.7% Hungarians, 1.7% Roma, 0.8% Czechs, 0.4% Rusyns, 0.2% Ukrainians and others.[9]
Approximately 5,600 people immigrated into Slovakia in 2006, while 1,700 emigrated from Slovakia. There were 53,904 live births (fertility rate 1.24) and 53,301 deaths (9.9 deaths per 1000 inhabitants) (2006).[10]
The average population density in Slovakia was 110/km². There are noticeable, but not extreme differences between regions. The most populous areas are Bratislava and vicinity, the Danubian Lowland, the lower and central Váh Valley, and the agglomeration around the cities of Košice and Prešov. The least populous areas are the mountainous regions of central Slovakia and the north-east. The density is below 50-70/km² in some districts.


Roman Catholic Church in Slovakia           3,347,277         62.0%
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg           372,858            5.9%          
 Confession in Slovakia
Slovak Greek Catholic Church                      206,871             3.8%
Reformed Christian Church                          98,797               1.8%
Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church            49,133               0.9%
Jehovahs Witnesses                                      17,222                0.3%
Evangelical Methodist Church                      10,328                0.2%
  Not specified                                                  571,437               10.6%
  No religion                                                      725,362               13.4%   


total: 3,662 km
broad gauge: 99 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) gauge - used for freight transport only, see Uzhhorod - Košice broad gauge track
standard gauge: 3,473 km of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge (1,588 km electrified; 1,011 km double track)
narrow gauge: 50 km (45 km of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge; 5 km of 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in) gauge)

D1: Bratislava - Trnava - Trenčín - Pova�ská Bystrica - �ilina, Liptovský Mikuláš - Jánovce, Prešov - Košice - Záhor(SK/UA border)
D2: Kúty (CZ/SK border) - Malacky - Bratislava - Jarovce (SK/H border)
D3: Dolný Hričov - �ilina - Čadca - Skalité(SK/PL border)
D4: Jarovce - (SK/A border)
R1: Trnava - Nitra - Zvolen - Banská Bystrica
R2: (SK/CZ border) - Trenčín - Prievidza - Zvolen - Rimavská Sobota - Košice
R3: (SK/H border) - Zvolen - Martin - (SK/PL border)
R4: (SK/H border) - Košice - Prešov - Svidník - (SK/PL border)
R5: Svrčinovec - (SK/CZ border)
R6: Beluša - Púchov - (SK/CZ border)
R7: Bratislava - Nové Zámky - Krupina - Lučenec

total: 37 (2012)
Airports with paved runways
over 3,047 m           2
2,438 to 3,047 m     2
1,524 to 2,437 m     3
914 to 1,523 m        3
under 914 m            9
Total                     19
Airports with unpaved runways
total: 18
914 to 1,523 m: 10
under 914 m: 8



slovenčina (Slovak)


Vitaj (sg/inf)
Vitajte (pl/frm)

(General greeting)

Ahoj (sg/inf)
Ahojte (pl/frm)

How are you?

Ako sa máte? (frm)
Ako sa máš? (inf)
Ako sa máte? (pl)

Reply to How are you?

Ďakujem, dobre. A Vy? (frm)
Ďakujem, dobreho
Ďakujem, dobre. A ty? (inf)
Ďakujem, dobre. A vy? (pl)

Whats your name?

Ako sa voláš? (inf)
Ako sa voláte? (frm)

My name is ...

Volám sa ...

Where are you from?

Odkialʼ si? (inf)
Odkialʼ ste? (frm)

Im from ...

Som z ...

Pleased to meet you

Teší ma

Good morning 
(Morning greeting)

Dobré ráno (used until 8am)
Dobrý deň (used from 8am until dark)

Good afternoon 
(Afternoon greeting)

Dobré popoludnie (rarely used)

Good evening 
(Evening greeting)

Dobrý večer

Good night

Dobrú noc

(Parting phrases)

Dovidenia (frm)
Zbohom (frm)
Čau (inf)
Ahoj (inf)

Good luck

Veľa šťastia!

(Toasts used when drinking)

Na zdravie!

Have a nice day

Pekný deň!
Pekný deň prajem!

Bon appetit / 
Have a nice meal

Dobrú chuť!

Bon voyage / 
Have a good journey

Šťastnú cestu!







I dont know


I understand


I dont understand


Please speak more slowly

Hovorte prosím pomalšie

Please say that again

Mô�eš to zopakovať? (inf)
Mô�ete to zopakovať? (frm)
Ako prosím? (in hurry)

Please write it down

Napíšte mi to prosím

Do you speak English?

Vieš po anglicky? (inf)
Hovoríš po anglicky? (inf)
Hovoríte po anglicky? (frm)
Viete po anglicky? (frm)

Do you speak Slovak?

Hovoríte po slovensky? (frm)
Viete po slovensky? (frm)
Hovoríš po slovensky? (inf)
Vieš po slovensky? (inf)

Yes, a little
(reply to Do you speak ...?)

Áno, trochu

How do you say ... in Slovak?

Ako sa po slovensky povie ...?

Excuse me


How much is this?

Koľko to stojí?





Thank you

Ďakujem vám
Ďakujem pekne
Ďakujem velʼmi pekne

Reply to thank you

Niet za čo

Wheres the toilet?

Kde je záchod?
Kde je WC?

This gentleman will pay for everything

Tento pán všetko zaplatí

This lady will pay for everything

Táto pani všetko zaplatí

Would you like to dance with me?

Smiem prosiť?
Zatancovali by ste si so mnou?

I miss you

Chýbaš mi (inf)
Chýbate mi (frm)

I love you

Ľúbim Ťa

Get well soon

Skoro sa uzdrav!
Skoré uzdravenie! (in a letter)

Go away!

Choď preč (inf)
Choďte preč (frm)

Leave me alone!

Daj mi pokoj!
Dajte mi pokoj!
Nechajte ma!
Nechaj ma!






Stop! Stoj!

Call the police!

Zavolajte políciu!

Christmas and New Year greetings

Veselé vianoce a Štastný nový rok

Easter greetings

Veselé pre�itie Veľkonočných sviatkov

Birthday greetings

Všetko najlepšie k narodeninám
Všetko najlepšie



My hovercraft is full of eels
Why this phrase?

Moje vznášadlo je plné úhorov

One language is never enough

Jeden jazyk nie je nikdy dosť






Sr. No. Itinerary Name File

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