Kazakhstan is a huge landlocked country the size of Western Europe, and has vast mineral resources and enormous economic potential. The varied landscape stretches from the mountainous, heavily populated regions of the east to the sparsely populated, energy-rich lowlands in the west, and from the industrialised north, with its Siberian climate and terrain, through the arid, empty steppes of the centre, to the fertile south. Ethnically the country is as diverse, with the Kazakhs making up over half the population, the Russians comprising just over a quarter, and smaller minorities of Uzbeks, Koreans.

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 Kazakhstan ( i/ˌkɑːzəkˈstɑːn/ or /ˌkæzəkˈstæn/; Kazakh: Қазақстан Qazaqstan, pronounced [qɑzɑqˈstɑn]; Russian: Казахстан [kəzɐxˈstan]), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country in Central Asia, with its smaller part west of the Ural River in Europe. Kazakhstan is the worlds largest landlocked country by land area and the ninth largest country in the world; its territory of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi) is larger than Western Europe. It has borders with (clockwise from the north) Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea. The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands,steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. With an estimated 17 million people as of 2013 Kazakhstan is the 61st most populouscountry in the world, though its population density is among the lowest, at less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 people per sq. mi.). The capital is Astana, where it was moved from Almaty in 1997.
The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by nomadic tribes. This changed in the 13th century, when Genghis Khan occupied the country. Following internal struggles among the conquerors, power eventually reverted to the nomads. By the 16th century, the Kazakhs emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jüz(ancestor branches occupying specific territories). The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century all of Kazakhstan was part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganized several times before becoming the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936, an integral part of the Soviet Union.
Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991; the current President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has been leader of the country since then. Kazakhstan pursues a balanced foreign policy and works to develop its economy, especially its dominanthydrocarbon industry.
Kazakhstan is populated by 131 ethnicities, including Kazakh (who make up 63 percent of the population), Russian, Uzbek, Ukrainian, German, Tatar, and Uyghur.Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%; Kazakhstan allows freedom of religion. The Kazakh language is the state language, while Russian has equal official status for all levels of administrative and institutional purposes.


Populalation: 2000/6,173,000 - 2050/11,111,000 (87 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 12.2%, Evangelical 0.7%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.01 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/27.7 - 2050/38.4


The vast territory of Kazakhstan spans across 2.7 million km ². With a low population density, dissociation centers of industry and agriculture, and remoteness from world markets, the need for different modes of transportation in Kazakhstan are vital.

Railways: Total: Transportation by rail in Kazakhstan is very important.Kazakhstan Railways provide 68% of all cargo and passenger traffic to over 57% of the country. 15,079 km in common carrier service, excluding industrial lines.
Broad Gauge: 15,079 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) gauge (4,000 km electrified) (2008).Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (KTZ) is the national railway company.

Highway: In 2009, the country commenced the construction of the "Western Europe - Western China" highway, which will be completed by 2013. The total length of the road will be 8445 km, of which 2,787 km will be in Kazakhstan, (Aktobe, Kyzylorda, South Kazakhstan, Zhambyl and Almaty oblasts). The thickness of the asphalt and concrete pavement will be 80 cm (31 in), and the expected lifespan of the highway will be 25 years, without a major overhaul, and the maximum speed limit 120 km/h. The project includes a number of road bridges over rivers, road maintenance facilities, bus stop areas, avtopavilony, cattle trails, and electronic signage. Simultaneously with the construction of this highway, roads will be repaired and built in areas along its route.

Airports: Kazakhstan has a total of 97 airports (2012) However, it is quoted as having a total of 449 airports in (2001).
The large area of the country and the associated long distances makes air travel a very important component in domestic travel.



Қазақша (Kazakh)


Қош келдіңіз! (Qoş, keldiñiz!)

(General greeting)

Сәлем! (Sälem!) - inf
Сәлеметсіз бе? (Sälemetsiz be?) – frm

How are you?

Қалыңыз қалай? (Qalıñız qalay?) - frm
Қалың қалай? (Qalıñ qalay?) - inf
Амансыз ба? (Amansız ba?) - frm
Амансың ба? (Amansıñ ba?) - inf
Қалайсың? (Qalaisıñ?) – inf

Reply to How are you?

Қалым жақсы (Qalım jaqsı)
Аман-есен (Aman-yesen)
Аман-сау (Aman-saw)
Жақсы (Jaqsı)

Long time no see

Көрмегелі қанша болды? (Körmegeli qanşa boldı?)
Көрмегелі қай заман? (Körmegeli qay zaman?)

Whats your name?

Сіздің атыңыз кім? (Sizdiñ atıñız kim?)

My name is ...

Менің атым ... (Meniñ atım ...)

Where are you from?

Қай жердікісіз? (Qay jerdikisiz?)

Im from ...

Мен ... (Men ...)

Pleased to meet you

Танысқанымызға қуаныштымын!
(Tanısqanımızğa qwanıştımın!)

Good morning 
(Morning greeting)

Қайырлы таң! (Qayırlı tañ!)

Good afternoon 
(Afternoon greeting)

Қайырлы күн! (Qayırlı kün!)

Good evening 
(Evening greeting)

Қайырлы кеш! (Qayrli kesh!)
Кеш жарық! (Kesh zharyq!)

Good night

Қайырлы түн (Qayırlı tün)

(Parting phrases)

Сау болыңыз! (Saw bolıñız!)

Good luck

Іске сәт! (İske sät!)
Сәттілік тілеймін! (Sättilik tileymin!)

(Toasts used when drinking)

Денсаулығыңыз үшін! (Densawlığıñız üşin!)
Саулығыңыз үшін! (Sawlığıñız üşin!)

Bon appetit / 
Have a nice meal

Ас болсын! (As bolsın!) - inf
Асыңыз дәмді болсын! (Asıñız dämdi bolsın!) - frm
Ас дәмді болсын! (As dämdi bolsın!) - gen

Bon voyage / 
Have a good journey

Жолыңыз болсын! (Jolıñız bolsın!)

I dont understand

Мен түсінбеймін (Men tüsinbeymin)

Please speak more slowly

Ақырындап сөйлеңізші (Aqırındap söyleñizşi)

Please write it down

Осыны жазып бере аласыз ба? (Osını jazıp bere alasız ba?)

Do you speak Kazakh?

Қазақша сөйлейсіз бе? (Qazaqşa söylejsiz be?)

How do you say ... in Kazakh?

... қазақша қалай айтылады?
(... qazaqşa qalay aytıladı?)

How much is this?

Бұл қанша тұрады? (Bul qanşa turadı?)

Excuse me/Sorry

Кешіріңіз! (Keşiriñiz!)

Thank you

Рахмет! (Raxmet!) - gen

Reply to thank you

Оқасы жоқ! (Oqası joq!) - gen
Тілеуіңіз болсын! (Tilewiñiz bolsın!) - frm
Тілеуің болсын! (Tilewiñ bolsın!) - inf

Wheres the toilet?

Дәретхана қай жерде? (Däretxana qay jerde?)
Әжетхана қай жерде? (Äjetxana qay jerde?)

This gentleman will pay for everything

Бұл мырза барлығына төлейді
(Bul mırza barlığına töleydi)
Бұл мырза барлығына төлеп шығады
(Bul mırza barlığına tölep şığadı)

This lady will pay for everything

Бұл ханым барлығына төлейді
(Bul xanım barlığına töleydi)
Бұл ханым барлығына төлеп шығады
(Bul xanım barlığına tölep şığadı)

Would you like to dance with me?

Сізбен билеуге бола ма?
(Sizben bïlewge bola ma?)

I love you

Мен сені сүйемін! (Men seni süyemin!) - inf
Мен сені жақсы көремін! (Men seni jaqsı köremin!) - inf
Мен сізді сүйемін! (Men sіzdi süyemin!) - frm
Мен сізді жақсы көремін! (Men sіzdi jaqsı köremin!) - frm
Мен сізге ғашықпын! (Men sizge ğaşıqpın!) - frm
Мен саған ғашықпын! (Men sağan ğaşıqpın!) - inf

Get well soon

Тезірек жазылыңыз (Tezirek jazılıñız)


Көмектесіңіз! (Kömektesiñiz!)
Жәрдем беріңіз! (Zärdem beriñiz!)


Өрт! (Ört!)


Тоқта! (Toqta!)

Call the police!

Полицияны шақырыңыз! (Polïcïyanı şaqırıñız!)

Christmas and New Year greetings

Рождество мейрамы және Жаңа жыл құтты болсын!
(Rojdestvo meyramı jäne Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!)
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year
Жаңа жыл құтты болсын! (Jaña jıl quttı bolsın!)
Жаңа жылыңыз құтты болсын! (Jaña jılıñız quttı bolsın!)
Жаңа жылыңызбен! (Jaña jılıñızben!)
Жаңа жылмен! (Jaña jılmen!)
(Happy New Year)

Easter greetings

Пасха мейрамы қутты болсын!
(Pasxa meyramı qwttı bolsın!)

Birthday greetings

Туған күніңмен! (Twğan küniñmen!) - inf
Туған күнің құтты болсын! (Twğan küniñ quttı bolsın!) - inf
Туған күніңіз құтты болсын! (Twğan küniñiz quttı bolsın!) - frm
ﺗﯟﻋﺎﻥ ﻛﯘﻧﯩﯖﯩﺰ ﻗﯘﺗﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﻟﺴﯩﻦ