Location: Central Asia , south of Kazakhstan and north- east of Turkmenistan.
Total – 447 400 km2;
Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (about four fifth of its territory). One of the main – plain is Turanianlowland. To the east and north- east of the country there are ranges of the Tien Shan and Pamir, here – the highest point of the country ( 4643 m). In the north central part of the territory of Uzbekistan is one of the largest deserts in the world – the Kyzyl Kum.
Majorly sharp- continental. The temperature difference between the seasons is quite significant. Average winter temperature is 6 C below and in July the average temperature rises above 32 C. The amount of precipitation is insignificant, which makes agriculture dependent on irrigation.
Uzbekistan`s nature features by a combination of subtropical and continental temperature zones.
The earth, the air, water and fire ( the sun ) have been warshiped in Central Asia since the times of Zoroastrianism urging people in to care about the cleanliness of rivers and the soil.
POPULATION AND LABOR RESOURCES
The population of Uzbekistan is more than 32 million people.
New Year – January 1
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT UZBEKISTAN
Gold reserves of Uzbekistan are ranked fourth in the world after South Africa, the USA and Russia. And as for the extraction of gold – the second place among the CIS countries after Russia.
Uzbekistan is one of the top five global producers of cotton. Five countries: China, USA, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan – together produce 65% of the total amount. For Export of cotton Uzbekistan is the third largest after the U.S. and India. More than 75% of the produced cotton fiber is exported.
Uranium reserves of Uzbekistan are ranked seventh in the world after Australia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Canada, South Africa and Ukraine, and the third in the world in its export after Kazakhstan and Australia.
On reserves and production of copper and tungsten Uzbekistan is among the top ten countries in the world.
Natural gas production in Uzbekistan is one of the top ten producing countries of the world and ranks third in the CIS after Russia and Turkmenistan. The gas industry of Uzbekistan is concentrated mainly in the areas of Gazly and Karshi. In 2010, Uzbekistan discovery of new natural gas field near Kosbulak deflection and the North Ustyurt region (Western Aral), as well as the prospective area Ernaza in the Bukhara-Khiva oil and gas region.
According to the total population of Uzbekistan is the third largest country in the CIS after Russia and Ukraine – more than 30 million people. More than low thirds of Uzbekistan consists of plains (Turan lowlands, The Fergana Valley, the Valley of the Amu Darya, Syr Darya, Zarafshan and their tributaries) and third – of the mountains and foothills (foothills of the Tien Shan, Hissar-Alai).
Highest point: Hissar ridge (4643 meters above sea level)
The lowest point depression Mynbulak (-12.8 meters below sea level)
Uzbekistan, along with Liechtenstein is the only countries in the world, which neighbors do not have access to the sea.
The oldest cities of Uzbekistan are more than 2750 years old, and the most famous of them – Samarkand, along with Rome, one of the oldest cities in the world.
On shore of Qashqadarya is located one of the first five latitude stations in the world and its called Kitab. In the spring of 2010 Kitab team at ORI-40 start search for hazardous near-Earth asteroids.
Uzbekistan is the only Central Asian city which subway was built in 1977.
Tashkent – one of the few cities in the world where you can see the starry night sky and it’s possible because of low gas content.
For more information please visit: http://uzbekistan.travel/en/
As of 2007, Uzbekistans overland transportation infrastructure had declined significantly in the post-Soviet era due to low investment and poor maintenance. Air transport was the only branch that has received substantial government investment in the early 2000s, as airport modernization projects have been undertaken.In the following years, improvements have been made to the surface transport network including the construction of the Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line.
Railways: As of 2008, Uzbekistan had 3,645 kilometers of rail lines, about 620 kilometers of which were electrified. A large percentage of the systems track requires major repair. The main line is the portion of the Transcaspian Railroad that connects Tashkent with the Amu Darya. There are rail links with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan (see Trans-Caspian Railway), Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan.
Highways: As of 2005, Uzbekistan had 84,400 kilometers of roads, about 72,000 kilometers of which were paved. The road infrastructure is deteriorating, particularly outside of Tashkent. No significant highway projects were underway in 2006. In the early 2000s, U.S. engineers improved some roads around the port of Termez to facilitate movement of humanitarian supplies to Afghanistan.
Airports: As of 2012, Uzbekistan has 53 airports. 33 of them have paved runways, six of which had runways longer than 3,000 meters. The largest of them, Tashkent International Airport, is linked with European and Middle Eastern cities by direct flights of Aeroflot, Lufthansa, Transaero, and Turkish Airlines, and with New York and Los Angeles via connecting flights through Moscow. The national airline, Uzbek Havo Yollari (Uzbekistan Airlines), flies mainly within the former Soviet Union.
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